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MIAMI (CBSMiami) – When it comes to getting in shape, people are always trying to try the last The ketogenic diet, or keto, is gaining popularity.
It is not uncommon to see "keto friendly" items now in grocery stores, restaurants or even cafes.
Many people have This high-fat, low-carbohydrate lifestyle has been successful, especially with Monica Alvarez, a mother of Coral Gables.
"I could not run after my kids. It was bad, "said Alvarez.
Once overweight dangerous, she decided that it was time to change drastically.
Now she is standing in the kitchen cracking eggs to prepare a keto-compatible quick meal.
"I had diabetes, type 2 diabetes. I had high cholesterol and triglyceride levels. After my keto, he disappeared, "said Alvarez.
After 19 months of diet, she lost 150 pounds.
A ketogenic diet is high in fat, protein and extremely low in carbohydrates.
It works by burning fat in the body instead of carbohydrates and sugar in a process called ketosis.
When the majority of carbohydrates and sugar are removed from the diet, the body turns to the next source of energy, fat.
"Meat, eggs, cheese and green leafy vegetables," Alvarez told CBS4 as he passed through the refrigerator.
Meanwhile, she prepares a "keto pancake", which is not the typical flapjack. It is made only of cream cheese, eggs and a little cinnamon cooked in butter.
"I've never been hungry," said Alvarez, making her different from the other diets she'd tried.
Bacon, butter, cheese, nuts, meat and avocados are among the approved products for the grocery list.
However, this raises the question: is it really healthy?
"It really changes weight, diabetes and blood sugar in the short term," said Ronni Litz Julien, a professional dietitian. "But it's mainly because of weight loss and not because of the chemistry of the diet itself."
According to Litz Julien, taking carbohydrates means that the person eliminates calories, resulting in weight loss. Weight loss does not necessarily result from the types of foods themselves.
She also points out that the elimination of food groups means the elimination of nutrients.
"We need potassium and fiber, and antioxidants," said Julien Litz.
Although reducing carbohydrates is a common theme in diets, the keto takes it more extreme by eliminating whole grains and even most fruits.
"We need a good complex carbohydrate. Whole grain, brown rice, quinoa, "said Litz Julien.
A complex carbohydrate is a carbohydrate rich in fiber.
Litz Julien pulls things out of his own closet and places them on the counter. She prepares a loaf of whole grain bread, cereal fiber and whole grain crackers.
Turning the box over, she points the label.
"In general, I consume at least 3 grams of fiber," said Litz Julien.
On a nutritional level, she said that the keto could pose serious health risks. Research shows that high levels of fat and protein can affect your heart Cutting out most fruits and grains removes vitamins and fiber.
"Very few people I've seen can endure living without, in this case, carbohydrates," said Litz Julien.
If you want to eat healthier, she suggests dropping the diet completely.
Instead, focus on a balance of lean protein, healthy fats, and even, yes, complex carbohydrates.
"If it's not something you can do forever, it just means that the weight comes back and your numbers go up," said Litz Julien. "By the way, the more ups and downs, by the way, the more damage to the heart and other diseases is important."
However, Litz Julien said that people had to do what was right for their way of life.
"The goal is to choose foods to lead a long, healthy life in a comfortable and sustainable way," said Litz Julien.
For Alvarez, the ketogenic diet continues to be what suits her best and she says she is engaged.
"I feel like I have found something that works and that I can stay there all my life," Alvarez said.